Bookkeeping: Simple Steps to Organize and Record Your Business Transactions

Bookkeeping / No more financial jitters!  Learn how to organize and record business transactions like a pro.

Whether you’ve been in business for years or you’re taking your first steps into business, one thing is for sure – having your financial records organized is like having a map for your money.

It doesn’t matter if you sell or manufacture; knowing where your money is coming from and where it is going is a must. So grab your favorite laptop or fire up your computer, because we’re about to make this entire process as smooth as enjoying your morning coffee.


Step 1: Gather what you need

You will need:

  • Official receipts and purchase invoices etc.: These are your transaction records.
  • Cash Receipt Journal, Cash Disbursement Journal, etc.: Your accounting canvas registered with the BIR.
  • A pen with indelible ink or a keyboard: To enter these data.

Step 2: Categorize your transactions

Group your transactions into categories like sales, expenses, and purchases. This makes everything clean and tidy.

Step 3: Record everything in time

Just like you wouldn’t let your coffee go cold, don’t delay your inputs. Record transactions as they occur.  Avoid erasures.  If you ever need to correct an entry, draw two lines across the error and write the correct information on top.

Under Section 8 of Revenue Regulation V-1, you have seven days from the date the transaction takes place to make sure it is properly recorded.

Step 4: Double check your math

Don’t let math mistakes cause trouble. Check your calculations to ensure your books balance. It’s like making sure you add the right amount of milk to your coffee.


Step 5: Reconcile regularly

Reconcile your books with your bank statements regularly. It helps to catch any discrepancies.  When you “reconcile,” you’re essentially comparing the pieces of your puzzle (your recorded transactions) to a reference image (your bank statement).

By doing this regularly, such as checking every month, you will ensure that all the parts fit together perfectly.

Step 6: Store documents securely

Keep your receipts and invoices safe. They are your proof of transactions. Financial records must be kept for ten years. (RR-17-2013)

Step 7: Consider going digital

Technology can be your best friend. Consider using simple accounting software or apps to streamline the process. It is essential to obtain approval from the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) before using any accounting software or application.

Step 8: Get help if needed

Don’t be afraid to ask for help. If you’re feeling overwhelmed, consider talking to an  accountant or exploring third-party services that specialize in accounting or tax compliance.

By following these steps, you have become an accounting guru. These easy-to-understand guidelines will allow you to effectively organize and document your business transactions without any hassle.

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  1. denise says:

    very good tips. I kept the books for our machining business for 25+ years and I kept and recorded everything. Will say Quickbooks was a godsend for me

  2. I run a small business and all your tips are spot on. Business owners should take note.

  3. […] are your secret weapon in the tax planning game. Identify all the deductions you qualify for, from business expenses to charitable contributions. […]

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